The tech giant blamed evolving laws and regulations from European regulators, courts and legislative bodies — that have increasingly scrutinised the social media company — and which Meta said was impacting its “critical operations”.
In particular Meta cited a 2020 decision by the Court of Justice of the European Union regarding the so-called “Privacy Shield.”
Stream more tech news live & on demand with Flash, a dedicated news streaming service. New to Flash? Try 14 days free now >
That agreement allowed for a framework for data transfers from the EU to the US and was invalidated by the CJEU.
The EU has strict data protection requirements regarding the transfer of personal data from Europe to the US.
Meta currently relies on Standard Contractual Clauses to transfer data, which the company cautioned could be subject to “regulatory and judicial scrutiny.”
The company said it received a preliminary draft decision from the Irish Data Protection Commission that Meta’s reliance on reliance on SCCs to transfer European data was not in compliance with EU’s General Data Protection Regulation.
Meta said a decision limiting its ability to transfer data to the US could be suspended from the first half of 2022.
“If a new transatlantic data transfer framework is not adopted and we are unable to continue to rely on SCCs or rely upon other alternative means of data transfers from Europe to the United States, we will likely be unable to offer a number of our most significant products and services, including Facebook and Instagram, in Europe, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.” Meta said in the report.
If Meta makes good on its threat, virtually an entire continent could be left without access to Facebook or Instagram.
Sharing data is crucial for the provision of services and targeted advertising, Meta warned.
The company said new privacy laws, such as the California Consumer Privacy Act, which creates new data privacy rights for users, limits how Meta can use sensitive personal information and allows for more user control on how their data is shared with third parties, could adversely affect the social media company.
Meta said the new laws and regulations could lead to “unfavourable outcomes”, adversely affect the development of new products, lead to “negative publicity and reputational harm” and force the company to modify or cease its existing business practices.
Meta did not immediately respond to a request for comment from news.com.au.